In 2010, existing housing in Mexico comprised approximately 28.6 million permanently inhabited units. The construction of social housing promoted by the government covers an essential part of the demand for housing.
From 1973 to 2012, the government promoted the construction of approximately 11 million low- and middle-income housing with formal employment. Based on the annual construction of 450,000 to 500,000 new social housing units, current inventories are estimated at just 13 million units and their share of the general housing market at approximately 35%. Approximately 7 million homes have a maximum age of 15 years. Demand for affordable housing will continue to increase further due to the urbanization process and population growth, expected from 122 to 150 million people between 2015 and 2050.
According to SENER data, the housing sector in general already contributes 26% of electricity consumption and 32% of greenhouse gases. The Mexican government considers that a sustainable conception of the social housing sector is an essential element to achieve the defined climate protection contributions (nationally determined contributions, NDCs) as well as the Agenda 2030 indicators.